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Sakurajima is located in the Aira caldera, formed in an enormous eruption 22,000 years ago. It is the most active volcano in Japan. The 1914 eruption, which killed 58 people, produced 0.3 cubic miles of lava flow. On January 12, 1914 Sakurajima erupted in what was the most powerful eruption to hit Japan in the 20th century. (Thankfully the residents had enough warning to get out of the way in time.) [7] The eruption partly inspired a 1914 movie, The Wrath of the Gods, centering on a family curse that ostensibly causes the eruption. The mountain is in a part of Kagoshima Bay known as Kinkō-wan. Its summit has three peaks, Kita-dake (northern peak), Naka-dake (central peak) and Minami-dake (southern peak) which is active now. The most notable aspect of the print is the abundance of cherry blossoms that appear in the valleys and ridges of the island. photo, caption -- Kagoshima after Sakurashima eruption, "The Sakura-Jima Eruption of January, 1914", "Sakurajima, Japan's Most Active Volcano", "New data points to major eruption of Japanese volcano", "The 1914 Sakurajima explosion at Volcanoworld", "Sakurajima at the Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo", "Forecasting volcanic activity of Sakurajima", "Japan's Sakurajima volcano due for major eruption within 30 years, say scientists", "Japanese Volcanoes at the Northern Illinois University", "Reuters report on Sakurajima explosion, June 5th 2006", "Decade Volcano Sakurajima at the Earthquake Research Institute", "Volcanic activity world-wide 16 November 2012: Ruapehu, Paluweh, Michael, Kilauea, Fuego, Santiaguito, Nevado del Ruiz, Reventador, Sakurajima, Mammoth Mountain (Long Valley),Ambrym, Nyiragongo", "Sakurajima spews its highest volcanic column ever at 5,000 meters", "Volcano alerts issued in Ecuador, Japan", "Sakurajima in Japan Might Be Headed Towards a Large Eruption", "Volcanic activity worldwide 4 Apr 2016: Popocatépetl volcano, Bromo, Turrialba, Sangay, Sakurajima,...", "Kagoshima's Sakurajima volcano erupts, spews plume 5,000 meters up", "Sakurajima Volcano Volcanic Ash Advisory: ERUPTED AT 20201003/0735Z FL100 STNR OBS VA DTG: 03/0730Z", "Seismographs at the Panama-Pacific Exposition,", Sakurajima: Maintaining an island essence, Sakurajima: National catalogue of the active volcanoes in Japan, Aira / Sakurajima, Global Volcanic Program, Schoolchildren in Kagoshima wearing helmets to protect against stones thrown out by the nearby Sakurajima volcano (which is in background), Schoolchildren and their teacher wearing helmets, Google Earth ground view approaching Sakurajima from the mainland, Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP) (entry for Aira /Sakurajima), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sakurajima&oldid=995311500, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from May 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Lava flows are rare in Japan—because the silica content of the magmas is high, explosive eruptions are far more common[14]—but the lava flows at Sakurajima continued for months. The 1914 Taisho eruption of Sakurijima volcano was Japan’s highest intensity and magnitude eruption of the twentieth century. The lava flows of the 1914 eruption connected it with the Ōsumi Peninsula. [15], In light of the dangers it presents to nearby populations, Sakurajima was designated a Decade Volcano in 1991, identifying it as worthy of particular study as part of the United Nations' International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction. It makes sense that such an image would be absent of any real indications of the suffering and destruction caused by the eruption. Its last really big eruption was in 1914, when it spewed out lava for months on end, destroying hundreds of homes. The eruption buried the gate with volcanic ash. Sakurajima was joined to the mainland by the deposition of volcanic material following a major eruption in 1914. Yoder, A. [6] The surface of this volcanic peninsula is about 77 km2 (30 sq mi). It does not appear that any of the buildings in the foreground have suffered structural damage. It is not thought there was any damage caused. Massive eruption took place in 1914. However, the main crop was shifted to satsuma (mikan) from Sakurajima radishes, because the area of Sakurajima suffered so much damage from a 1914 eruption of the nearby volcano, decreasing the growing area to about 30 hectares (74 acres) by 1955. Located in the Pacific "Ring of Fire," Sakurajima coughs up ash daily and … A woodblock print by the renowned nineteenth-century woodblock artist Utagawa Hiroshige from his series "Famous Places in the Sixty-odd Provinces" illustrates the traditional iconography associated with the island. THE HISTORY OF SAKURAJIMA'S ERUPTIONS Sakurajima is one of Japan's most active volcanoes with small, localised eruptions nearly every day. Sakurajima's last deadly eruption was in 1914, when 58 people died. Stewart, B. [11] Since 2006, activity has centred on Showa crater, to the east of the summit of Minami-dake. [12], The 1914 eruption began on January 11. Before 1955, the volcano exploded every few hundred years, blasting in 1471, in 1779 and in 1914, for example. Sakurajima is one of the most active volcanoes in Japan with major eruptions in 1914 and 1947. Several hundred cubic kilometres of ash and pumice were ejected, causing the magma chamber underneath the erupting vents to collapse. Tephra fell as far as 1000 km from the volcano. Retrieved from http://www.swarthmore.edu/library/peace/LanternSlides/Lantern SlideIntro.htm, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/309616/Kagoshima?anchor=ref195410, http://www.livescience.com/38999-500th-eruption-why-japan-s-sakurajima-volcano-is-so-active.html, http://www.swarthmore.edu/library/peace/LanternSlides/Lantern SlideIntro.htm. The island grew, engulfing several smaller islands nearby, and eventually became connected to the mainland by a narrow isthmus. Sakurajima's last deadly eruption was in 1914, when 58 people died. (2006, April). The last time Sakurajima erupted was in 1914 and it killed 58 people. Fortunately, earthquakes leading up to the eruption signaled its coming, and local people had time to evacuate the island and much of the surrounding area before the eruption took place. It is Japan’s most active fire mountain, as well as the site of that country’s biggest 20th century eruption: the VEI 4 Taisho eruption of 1914-1915. [7] The 1914 eruption was the most powerful recorded in twentieth-century Japan, taking the nation by surprise. Sakurajima (Japanese: 桜島 , literally Cherry blossom Island) is an active stratovolcano, formerly an island and now a peninsula, in Kagoshima Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan. Photographer Martin Rietze captured a rare picture of lightning within the ash plume in January 2013 during a magma ejection, which was a NASA astronomy pic of the day in March 2013. After a 35-year period of quiescence, the volcano suddenly rewoke a few days before the eruption, when earthquakes began to be felt on Sakurajima Island. Still, it is estimated that up to 140 people died as a result of the eruption itself and corresponding earthquakes, landslides, and building collapses (Siebert, Simkin, & Kimberly, 2011, p. 338). It lies about 8 km sou… [23] This was the largest eruption in Japan in the twentieth century. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. It is the most active volcano in Japan. The volcanic activity still continues, dropping large amounts of volcanic ash on the surroundings. Siebert, L., Simkin, T., & Kimberly, P. (2011). The volcano had been dormant for over a century until 1914. [4], The volcanic activity still continues, dropping volcanic ash on the surroundings, which continues as of September, Nevertheless, people still refer to Sakurajima as an island and after 1914, it still bears the same name with the same -jima suffix, meaning ‘island’ in Japanese. The area around Sakurajima contains several hot spring resorts. Today, if you were to visit Sakurajima, you would be hard-pressed to find a single cherry tree on the entire island. Pre-eruption earthquakes killed at least 35 people and an additional 23 people died; This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 10:38. The origins of this lantern slide and its somewhat idyllic depiction of such a terrifying event are also notable in that the slide is dated between 1926 and 1927, over a decade after the eruption of Sakurajima took place. Kita-dake is Sakurajima's highest peak, rising to 1,117 m (3,665 ft) above sea level. Sakurajima … [9] Most of its eruptions are strombolian,[9] affecting only the summit areas, but larger plinian eruptions have occurred in 1471–1476, 1779–1782 and 1914. It still spews ash and often has a steam cloud near the top. Sakurajima Yogan Nagisa Park and Foot Spa is a free hot spring foot bath near the ferry port, where you can soak your feet while looking at the volcano. New York, NY: Dover Publications. Sakurajima was formed by later activity within the caldera, beginning about 13,000 years ago. During the last stages of the eruption, emptying of the underlying magma chamber sank the centre of the Aira Caldera by about 60 cm (24 in). [9], Monitoring of the volcano and predictions of large eruptions are particularly important because it is in a densely populated area, with the city of Kagoshima's 680,000 residents just a few kilometers from the volcano. The most recent eruption started on November 12, 2019. During of them, a major eruption in 1914, lava filled a 400-meter wide strait causing the island to connect with Osumi Peninsula on the opposite shore. While this may seem a bit odd, it reveals much about how natural disaster impacts and even drives Japanese tourism. Sakurajima is one of the world's most active volcanoes, erupting over 500 times in the past year alone (Oskin, 2013). Falling out as the wind blows it toward the left side of the 1914 eruption caused, destroying of..., volcanic activity still continues, dropping large amounts of volcanic material a... 20 km ( 620 mi ) south of the world ( 3rd ed. ) flows are major. 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