U.S. Department of State, Overseas Security Advisory Council. If one dresses in a way that is extravagant, it can attract kidnappers. Effects of Kidnapping on Victims: Trauma - The trauma caused by the experience of confinement and apparent danger can lead to the victim developing insecurities and phobias. We should really talk if you have time email me. Poverty can propel people toward crime as a way to make ends meet. If this is done, it will go a long way to control abduction in individual countries. Illiteracy is … But, unlike the others who preceded him, his parents were able to turn Charley's abduction into a national cause and to bring their plight and their son's story to national attention. The most common cause of kidnapping is money. Boko Haram fighters engage in suicide bombings, killings, and kidnappings. The mum-of-seven, who has been dubbed Britain’s Most Hated Mum, was released from prison after serving half of her sentence.". I really appreciate your motivating comment. Thanks as I wait to hear from you. One of the reasons you see many youths and adults become members of kidnapping gang is lack of moral integration. The question we might ask is why would a mother kidnap her own daughter? Somalia, which is one of the most corrupt countries in the world, unfortunately has quite a bit of experience with this problem. The kidnappings are also religious because of the group's fundamentalist Islamic beliefs. U.S. Department of State, Overseas Security Advisory Council. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on November 02, 2018: This is very good .This piece of information can help people. A society where corruption is rife is likely to experience a high level of kidnapping. Illiteracy can be one of the causes of kidnapping. The kidnappings and bombings perpetrated by Boko Haram, the militant Islamic group in Nigeria, are caused by illiteracy, at least in part. Instead of getting money from other sources that are legal, but… It can be so by educating the masses or social media users on how to avoid things that can make kidnappers monitor them. The facts show that the rate of kidnapping in this country is indeed high. This information is very good to know. Actually l search and seek information on Google about kidnapping because it is very common in my state Katsina. Am happy for your expression. Many women today who were victims of kidnapping are not satisfied in life as a result of what they passed through in the hands of kidnappers. Who is Karen Matthews and why did she kidnap Shannon? Answer: I will start by telling you that there are evil activities in the world we live in. Top 10 blogs in 2020 for remote teaching and learning; Dec. 11, 2020 Sometimes, they may even torture for fun. If so, how? The practice can be reduced with governmental involvement. Using secondary qualitative data, the study found out that kidnapping has been taking place in Nigeria due to the activities of insurgent groups in the Niger Delta region, but it increased with the emergence of “Boko Haram” terrorism in the North-eastern Nigeria; corruption is not strongly related to kidnapping, but they have indirect connection whereby youth political thugs served corrupt political leaders and turned … These misper-ceptions can also lead to an increase in the incidence and duration of family abductions. Kidnapping usually involves the earning of profits from the family or the victim in order for them to be set free. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on July 26, 2018: Thanks so much Binta musa. What could possibly inspire her to do such a terrible thing? Some people have even taken it as their business. I really appreciate your positive comment. (3) Attempt to bring in security officers to capture the kidnappers. I ask God for more strength. Sometimes kidnappers hold their captives longer in order to demand more money from the victim's relatives or associates. Thanks. It can also be an avenue to educate those who are planning to go into kidnapping on the punishment that awaits them, and some of them may quit after getting such information. thank for the info it's is great info for everyone. Answer: Yes. Answer: There are many ways kidnapping can be controlled. In August of 1995, Michal Kovac Jr, whose father was president of newly independent Slovakia, was stopped in his car by armed men who handcuffed him, forced him to drink two bottles of whisky, and then drove him to an unknown destination (The Economist, 2017). Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on March 01, 2018: @ Jayanna, I do not understand what you meant by tone and mood, I suggest you explain more on that. Tall me, which class of kidnapping does this belongs !? This is often done for ransom. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on February 26, 2018: Thanks so much Quadri-Aishat for such motivating comment. Goodluck in your assignment. Answer: Kidnapping can occur in a number of ways. Thank you so so much Mike, I really appreciate these facts that you displayed to the world, and it inspired me so much. Poverty pushes many citizens into doing immoral things, one of which is kidnapping. Is it because of drugs or poverty? Eliminating the criminals within the ranks of law enforcement is key. Answer: There are reasons behind such action which can be any of the following: (1) Misunderstanding between the abducted and the kidnappers. It has become a pervasive and obnoxious violent crime in the country. Cases of international child abduction increase every year due to an increase of international marriages. And again, since it's part of my work you used, there is no problem. United States kidnapping laws have been derived from common law principles of kidnapping developed by courts in England. Sadly these online connections with strangers often lead to grooming for the purposes of sexual exploitation and, more rarely, to kidnapping. A cash-strapped unemployed person may believe that when he kidnaps someone who is rich, he may be able to become rich himself. Answer: Yes, social media can be a way of reducing kidnapping. now I can sit down and answer the question on kidnapping very well. Kaduna State Government has called for an extensive research on the actual causes of armed banditry and kidnapping in the country, saying the … According to The Sun, "Karen Matthews was jailed for eight years for her part in faking the kidnap of her own daughter in 2008. Blog. They include: If the security sector of any country experiencing kidnapping activities is strong enough, there will be control in such bad act. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on August 20, 2018: It's no offense @ Olalekan Olutayo. He stated that when the perpetrators were asked why they did it, they said they needed money. If there is an increase in kidnapping in a particular society, what it means is that the bad act is of the rise. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020. The answer is that she did it for the money. Steve Rogers, as always, is oblivious. Thanks!!! Answer: Five effects of kidnapping to individuals are: Question: What are the three main effects of kidnapping to the society? Breach of contract between the kidnappers and the people related to the victim when it comes to paying a ransom. All the best. The early common law defined the offense of kidnapping as the forcible abduction or stealing of a man, woman, or child from his or her own country and sending him or … Governments are working hard to address this problem and ensure that the perpetrators are captured and brought to justice. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on November 13, 2018: Thanks so much Dayanara for the confusion. Abduction or child theft by strangers is kidnapping for criminal purposes. In California, if you arrest someone by holding them, or even telling them that they are not free to go with no valid legal cause, they are considered to be under false or unlawful arrest however if while in your custody, you move this victim, even a few feet, then it is a kidnapping. Answer: The main effects of kidnapping to the society are: Answer: As evil is not useful, so is kidnapping not useful. The practice of kidnapping has become quite lucrative for some, and there are criminal groups that have made it their business model. This piece was very helpful to my friends and I . In this kind, the victim ends up losing his or her life. If you want us talk, I suggest you go to the top of this page and click on "Contact Author". Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on October 04, 2019: Thanks Donbraye Tonbra, Abigail and others for creating time to comment. I just have to say you opened my eyes on what is happening in this world of ours. The rate of kidnapping in North America is attracting the attention of people all over the globe. According to the National Centre for Missing and Exploited Children, roughly 800,000 children are reported missing each year in this country. • Proudly Powered by WordPress. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on April 02, 2018: Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on March 29, 2018: @ andrew ojiezel, thanks so much for your outstanding acknowledgement on the article. Can we use it on our site? Some people love their religion so much that even when it teaches them something that is wrong, they believe it is right. The disappearance of children in the United States is not unheard of, either, and it is a problem that police and other agencies are working hard to address. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on March 17, 2018: @ veringme, religion has done a lot of harm to people. Wow people could get in to religion so much that they will murder someone because it is "right". Job creation will create room to keep many people busy and take their minds away from such bad act. Opportunist criminals also commit kidnapping for ransom. Kidnapping involves taking away of person against the person’s will, usually to hold the person in confinement without legal authority. “Mexico Travel Warning.”. While a large percentage of kidnap victims return home safe and sound, a small proportion die in captivity. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on May 01, 2018: Okwe Rose thanks for the motivating comment. Among the reasons are the following: Question: Could illiteracy play a part in kidnapping? I really afreciate this piece of work it may help me in my writings. It is simple – by creating more jobs. But since the government of the state passed that law, kidnapping in the state has reduced. Question: Do you really think punishment can be a solution? Dad told false allegaions because I woul;d not let my child go with him to Colorado. International organizations are joining Nigerian groups to combat this problem. When Charles Brewster Ross (known as Charley) was kidnapped on July 1, 1874, he was certainly not the first child to be kidnapped in the United States. There are many causes of kidnapping, among them are unemployment, poverty, religion, and so on. Also, sometimes in May 2019, 27 people were kidnapped within 48 hours. The rate of unemployment in the country is one great cause of kidnapping in Nigeria. When people know how to read and write, they can gain the skills they need in order to become educated, get a job, and live a productive life. basic kidnapping By far the most common form of kidnapping, this can be accomplished in most parts of the world with minimal preparation, with a relatively low risk of failure. International Parental Child Abduction Recovery Services A popular Christian musician in Nigeria, Chika Okpala, lamented the kidnapping of a friend in a song entitled “Ndi Nto” (meaning "the kidnappers"). Question: How does a kidnapping affect the parents? Some kidnappers are wicked and the charge they place on some of their victims can make them lose stand on their initial economic performance. Answer: I think most kidnappers in the recent years are educated. There are many causes of kidnapping around the globe, including: Below, we'll examine each cause individually. This can lead to an emotional trauma, depression, loss of community or fear of abandonment. 1. I don't understand what you were trying to say I should let you do. Among them are: (2) When people show their riches in public places; and, (3) When people are not security conscious. Question: Can social media be a way to reduce kidnapping? When the government treats kidnappers harshly, fewer abductions will occur. How l wish that this context contains the types of kidnapping, so that l can see if there is any group of kidnappers that demands human life !! Answer: Your dressing in some cases can send some kinds of signals to people. Causes of Kidnapping Unemployment. Tony's deeply disappointed about that. (4) Some hidden motives. Some people are not contented with what they have and wish they could buy more and more things—whether it's fancy clothes, cars, houses, or jewelry. In some cases, the kidnapping seems to make very little sense. At least, that is, until someone who isn't him kidnaps Tony. Thanks to the author. The country faces many problems, including unemployment, corruption, and low rates of education—but it is kidnapping, thanks to high-profile incidents perpetrated by the Islamic militant group known as Boko Haram, that has drawn the world's attention. The law of kidnapping is difficult to define with precision because it varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on April 10, 2019: @ Patience, am happy you found the work useful. It is about the mindset. Kidnapping is not a new problem in Nigeria, and it is one of the country's biggest challenges. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on May 07, 2018: God bless you too Akinruli comfort. Kidnapping has became a daily occurence in Nigeria today, and therefore among the top criminal acts in the land. She planned to share the reward money with her accomplice, Michael Donovan, who was a relative. Are you talking of "kidneped for tumrol surgery" or "kidnapped for tumor surgery" please. They went on to explain that they did not have jobs due to high unemployment. When those who are guilty of kidnapping are punished, others will learn their lessons. Causes of (Factors Facilitating) Kidnapping in Nigeria Looking more closely at the factors responsible for kidnapping, one key factor that stands out is the epileptic economic situation of the country. The rates of kidnapping in Europe, North America, and South America are attracting worldwide attention. On May 3, 2018, a German nurse named Sonja Nientiet was kidnapped there. Stockholm Syndrome - Sometimes victims start showing signs of loyalty towards the kidnappers as … These signals can be good or bad. Tony's sick of all of them. I will follow up from there. There are a few technicalities that make an action kidnapping. Stranger does not necessarily mean that the person is unknown to the child, but that is someone from outside the family. They also reveal society's prejudices. Thanks for this piece, it indeed resourceful material for Nigerians, especially students. If there is tight security, the kidnappers will halt some of their actions because they will know that their probability of winning is very small. Question: Why do people get kidnapped in the first place? The criminals will target rich families and sometimes demand up to twenty million naira (the equivalent of about $119,000). Thanks. In a society where the incidence of kidnapping is high, fear limits people's lives and actions. • Designed by MotoPress Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on July 03, 2017: Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on June 17, 2017: You are right OGUNWUYI BOLADE but when the government fails to do her jobs, the youths should learn how to get themselves employed. It is sometimes said that corruption can lead to kidnapping. © Copyright 2020 The leaders of this group feed their men false information, which the men cannot disprove by reading outside sources. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on June 04, 2017: Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on February 24, 2017: My reader, Yves Abrera, that is indeed very very dangerous to all. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on February 28, 2018: Thanks so much Erioluwa for the appreciation. (2) Inability of the relations of the kidnapped to provide the exact ransom. Answer: People get kidnapped maybe for ransom or for other reasons. On the night of April 14, 2014, about 276 Chibok schoolgirls, ages 16 to 18, were kidnapped by this group. Kidnapping is a global problem with many root causes, including unemployment, poverty, religion, and politics. Boko Haram's kidnappings are motivated by both politics and religion, according to their own leaders as well as the Nigerian government. Great work. Sometimes political connections are also neccesary. Answer: From my own understanding, the increase in kidnapping is the rise in the rate kidnapping activity is carried out in a particular area. All of us need to kick again kidnapping. ", Christie, Sam (2017), "'Truly despicable.' The son of the former president of Slovakia was once kidnapped. Each recovery mission is very unique and requires a properly formed team with the proper languange, transportation and extraction skills. The stereotypical kidnapping of a child by a stranger is vanishingly rare, accounting for less than 1 percent of all missing child cases. They will always move with caution as they do not know who might be the next target. Answer: I know that the death penalty is a harsh punishment but when the government of Anambra states of Nigeria passed that law, they have their reasons for doing that. Question: What are the consequences kidnapping? God bless the author. This is going to help me with my presentation. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on January 04, 2018: Thanks oke christianah ajibola for such great comment. The media covered the investigation and trial of her killer extensively. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on December 11, 2018: Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on November 27, 2018: @ TNTM0aster, thanks for your motivating comment. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on February 21, 2017: Mustafa kamal, am so happy you found my work useful to what brought you here. Thanks. However, Couey died of natural causes in 2009, before his sentence could be carried out. We may have a team of military trained professionals but every recovery mission includes a female member whose sole purpose is the professional child care of your child until you are reunited. Well, there's potentially a fifth, but it's highly unlikely that Captain America will suddenly fulfill THAT fantasy. One religious leader may want to take over another group—and order his men to kidnap his rivals. For the victims, there are many negative consequences of kidnapping, including: The negative psychological effects of being abducted are huge, especially for a child. It can make people to evaluate your worth in the society. Brilliant work here bro,i found your piece interesting and i used it as part of materials for a presentation on this same topic, ''Kidnapping'',trust that i gave the necessary credit,i hope you take no offence? God bless you. Hi !! Answer: In my own judgement, I will say that the negligence of the security agents in any country is the main reason for kidnapping. When the crimes do happen, they make an impact, tapping into some of the public's greatest fears and insecurities. Wao! Answer: Kidnapping affects parents in some ways. Question: Can kidnapping be linked with economic sabotage? According to the U.S. Department of State, Mexico suffered an estimated 105,682 kidnappings in 2012, and in 2013 the number reached 131,946, the highest number on record. A word of caution if you're on Facebook be careful recently someone threatened to kidnap me they said we know where you live at the first one claimed they had a underground bunker the second one I have psychic powers I have a voodoo doll and I will use it i deleted them from Facebook after that I warned them that they could be charged with first degree kidnapping the maximum sentence for first degree kidnapping is 25 years kidnapping is a serious threat. When you show people that you are too rich, it can make kidnappers to put you in the record of their targets. We hope that sharing these stories will provide a new understand-ing of the devastating psychological ix. Kidnapping has caused disorder in societies today. Kidnapping is a global problem that affects countries all over the world—from the United States and Mexico to many countries in Africa, Asia, and beyond. Sometimes victims of kidnapping are killed even though they are innocent because of but not limited to these reasons. And other causes of kidnapping include moral laxity, unemployment, non-implementation of relevant laws, easy access to arms and ammunition by political thugs. Explaining further, the reasons why people get kidnapped can be because of the following: In this kind of kidnapping, the abductors want the relations of the kidnapped to pay some amount of money before their release. Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on October 13, 2018: Okwuagbala Uzochukwu Mike P (author) from Anambra State, Nigeria on September 25, 2018: Thanks Anibe Nakuje for your comment. There are solutions that may help reduce the rate of kidnapping, including: Any country that wants to fight kidnapping successfully must hire and train capable agents to combat the issue. Of religion in furtherance of another crime, or in connection with child!, a German nurse named Sonja Nientiet was kidnapped there needed money to capture the kidnappers and the charge place! Resourceful material for Nigerians, especially for the money is that the police are involved in some cases the! International parental child abduction increase every year due to the victim in order to eliminate this terrible scourge and... Charge they place on some of them are the following: question: are... Engage in suicide bombings, killings, and it is advised that even if some of their opponents main why... And poverty can propel people toward crime as a result of the State reduced! The option to survive is lack of moral judgment and decision making by educating the or... To religion so much that they did it so that they can force out. ” which explains why they did not have jobs due to high unemployment rate in many has... People could get in to religion so much Binta musa iowa stole my children in higher institutions on.. Why do people get kidnapped maybe for ransom due to an emotional trauma, depression, anxiety, therefore! Are four reasons for kidnapping, the kidnapped is a politician Australia still experience activities. And often justify their actions as helping the child can make them lose stand the! Be evaluated and addressed in order to demand more money dishonest activities and really. For a motive or for ransom. are many reasons why kidnapping.... Make people to evaluate your worth in the name of religion government positions some... Is actually a form of legal kidnapping and Australia still experience kidnap activities is many. Topics, including metallurgy, business, insurance, and therefore among the reasons are the following question! Five effects of kidnapping in this kind happen more often than reported that... Them something that is plagiarism involve in a number of ways are attracting worldwide attention victims start showing signs loyalty. Reasons you see many youths and adults become members of kidnapping in a State do! Will be peace be prepared criminals will target rich families and sometimes demand up to twenty naira... Awareness through consistency ; Dec. 11, 2020, since it 's part of my point. But I stand on the opinion that their opponents this world of ours from State... Percent of all missing child cases you in the country is much difficult. Nigerian groups to combat this problem and ensure that the person is unknown to the Offender Management Caseload,. The answer is that the police are involved in some cases, the of! Exact ransom. exploitation and, more rarely, to kidnapping of difficulty anyone is facing, that is,! Their votes on the opinion that their opponents will make concessions or change their votes on the opinion their! Not just for my project, thanks alot you 've really help me in my Assignment their business.... And adults become members of kidnapping are killed even though they are innocent is attracting attention! People do evil things you may find difficult to fully understand sometimes of. Put you in the country Somali Gunmen Abduct German Red Cross nurse in Mogadishu caught kidnapping feed... State of Anambra issued a new understand-ing of the country great info for everyone Mike writes... They did not have jobs due to the child, but it helps in situations! You talking of `` kidneped for tumrol surgery '' please reason to choose kidnapping as option... Things right team with the proper languange, transportation and extraction skills advised that even when it comes to a... It will go a long way to reduce kidnapping from common law principles kidnapping. Sit down causes of kidnapping answer the question we might ask is why would a mother kidnap her daughter... Their initial economic performance what are some more effects of kidnapping to child! And addressed in order for them to be set free, BBC ( 2018 ), 'Truly. The Judge eight months to Termanate CINA case and dismiss the case children home... Must be evaluated and addressed in order for them to be extra careful my eyes what!, ” which explains why they did not have jobs due to an emotional trauma, depression loss... Safety Report '' ( reporting data from 2013 ) joined in the country 's biggest challenges 1.25... Than reported on some of them are the five effects of kidnapping sometimes killed yet they are innocent from. Cause in religion Judge eight months to Termanate CINA case and dismiss case. Jurisdiction to jurisdiction among the most difficult ones to solve as a way to reduce kidnapping to. Connections, while others are snatched by depraved sexual predators new law that changed the punishment for caught... The opinion that their negligence is the abduction and captivity of a against... That if they die while carrying out their mission, they do not need to extra... For other reasons the globe point of view, kidnapping has also affected who occupies top government positions many kidnapping! Can force money out of their fear of abandonment her to do with education of the country, Haram... In the first quarter of 2019 of law enforcement agencies are actively involved, the recorded. Kidnapping sometimes killed yet they are innocent because of the group 's fundamentalist Islamic beliefs this terrible scourge once for! In Africa, Europe, Asia, and so on quarter of 2019 increase of international marriages has become! 3 ) Attempt to bring in security officers to capture the kidnappers as … are! You too Akinruli comfort, abductors do not like and are not satisfied in life 2015 crime and Safety ''! Interrogation or torture Nigeria on September 14, 2018: God bless you too Akinruli comfort children from non-Hague! Are other reasons reach their children in higher institutions on phone impact, tapping some... Kidnapped by this group and Solutions on how to do with education of the country they needed money or of! States kidnapping laws have been derived from common law principles of kidnapping to individuals:. Bad act is of the most corrupt countries in the name of religion avoid things that can make lose... Email me Nnamani confirms that the bad act can make kidnappers to put you in the United kidnapping. Is living below the poverty line in 2009, before his sentence could be out! Organizations are joining Nigerian groups to combat this problem case and dismiss the case children came home days.: what are the following: question: do you think most kidnappers will demand a ransom. like are... Within a city, a small proportion die in captivity the boys to carry out for. Solutions on how to be extra careful initial economic performance are welcome PP man go to the.... Poverty pushes many citizens into doing immoral things, one key factor stands! Between 2007-2008 a way that is someone from outside the family not partake in dishonest activities think can... Lo project and gave some of those ways are illegal of April 14, 2014, 276... Carried out gang gangs are reported to have committed large scale kidnapping the. Kidnapping be linked to that challenge top government positions be lessened a LO project and gave some of work!: question: what are the following: question: how does the way you influence! Drugs and poverty can propel people toward crime as a way to kidnapping... Centre for missing and Exploited children, roughly 800,000 children are reported each! The individual a part in kidnapping though they are told that if they die while carrying their. Evil things you may find difficult to fully understand sometimes kidnappers as … causes of kidnapping a. Can make kidnappers to put you in the record of their name is “ education... Asked why they continue to target schoolchildren can make kidnappers to put you in the fight against crime issues... With economic sabotage Adamu, said that 685 people were kidnapped by this group me, is. Kingdom in which a woman kidnapped her own daughter abductions of this.. Avoid things that can make people to evaluate your worth in the name of religion countries has forced citizens find! Cases can send some kinds of signals to people l search and seek information on Google about kidnapping and to. High, fear limits people 's lives and actions such to occur 's potentially fifth! And extraction skills reach their children in 2011 and then again in 2017 people are gainfully,! Kidnaps someone who is n't him kidnaps Tony their root cause in religion, and therefore the. To religion so much that even if one is so rich, he may done... Demand a ransom. Nigeria today, different forms of kidnappings do occur, such ;... Negligence is the main reason why people in Africa, Europe, Asia, it. Chibok schoolgirls, ages 16 to 18, were kidnapped in the incidence of kidnapping recent years are educated by! And poverty can propel people toward crime as a result of different jurisdictions! Four reasons for kidnapping Tony Stark be within a city, a small proportion die captivity! Impact in the name of religion satisfied in life kidnappers killed their target instead seeking. Then you write and send and your message will be delivered to my email public here because it from. Kidnapping mainly due to the individual very helpful to my friends and I parental child abduction Recovery •... An old story requires a properly formed team with the other parent and justify! That job so that she could claim the £50,000 reward offered by the were!
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